I had the great privilege recently of interviewing Rick Cruz, chair of the DC Public Charter School Board. I had also spoke to Mr. Cruz about a year ago. I first asked him to reflect on the resignation of Scott Pearson, the PCSB executive director. Mr. Pearson has stated that he will leave his position at the end of May 2020.
“It is bittersweet, there is no other way to describe it,” Mr. Cruz said solemnly. “We have a really good partnership. Scott has worked very well with the Board and with our many stakeholders. He has done so while significantly raising the quality of our systems, processes, and data. He has built an outstanding team and prepared them for his transition. The job of the PCSB may sound bureaucratic, but Scott developed a solid environment of trust and for being fair and transparent and steadfast. Charter schools in D.C. understand the expectations of the PCSB and the standards to which we hold them. The work of authorizing charter schools has advanced greatly under Scott’s leadership and he leaves quite a legacy for us to build upon. Scott has said that he lives his life in chapters and now we enter a new chapter for the PCSB.”
I then wanted to know from Mr. Cruz what characteristics he would like to see in the next executive director. “I don’t want to jump the gun,” Mr. Cruz answered, “since there are multiple round tables being held in which students, parents, teachers, school leaders, and the general public can provide input on what is important to them about the next executive director. However, I do think it’s important that we do much more work to share how public charter schools are successfully impacting the lives of students. I believe we could do more around communication and because we haven’t this has resulted in some push back from certain constituencies. For example, the 2019 DC Report Card was just released by the Office of the State Superintendent of Education and it showed that KIPP Promise Academy PCS and the Congress Heights campus of Center City PCS are the only five star ranked schools east of the Anacostia River. This is great news and every family and D.C. residents should know that public charter schools are providing a quality education to students living in Wards 7 and 8. Alternatively, we have some people saying that we do not need more charters, and yet we have schools like Friendship Technology Preparatory PCS, Mundo Verde PCS, and District of Columbia International School PCS offering differentiated approaches to educating our youth and parents want these distinct programs. Others may say that charters are wasting scarce public funds, but charters teach the same percentages of at-risk and special education students that the traditional schools do.”
One area I was especially interested in was Mr. Cruz’s opinion about the relatively similar standardized test scores charters reported this year in measures such as PARCC and NAEP compared to DCPS. Mr. Cruz was ready with his response. “DCPS has had steady improvements that is a fact. We still score higher with African American pupils and our results continue to improve year after year. One possible explanation is that over the past several school years we have asked much of our schools. For example, there are new requirements around exclusionary discipline policies. However, I am confident that over the next few years we will see charter schools continue to drive increases in academic performance and innovate. For example, we have a crop of new schools that are opening in fall 2020, each of them offering new types of programming, and most of them founded by local education leaders. These schools have innovative models that have the potential to spur academic growth.”
We then moved on to the recent controversy regarding DC Prep PCS purchasing a property on Frankford Street Southeast as a possible site for its Anacostia Middle School. I asked Mr. Cruz if he thought this matter was handled appropriately by school leadership. “In a perfect world, we would be able to match facilities to new schools early in the process which would markedly smooth engagement with communities and make things easier for families. However, the situation with DC Prep is a stark reminder that we desperately need clarity regarding the freeing up of surplus DCPS building for use by charters. In addition, we really must consider solutions such as co-locating charter schools with underutilized DCPS schools. Research shows there are many benefits to doing so. While in the past charter school leaders were uncertain about the feasibility of co-location, I have spoken to many school leaders who now express they are open to this solution for classroom space.”
Next, we pivoted our discussion to Councilmember Charles Allen’s transparency bill before the D.C. Council. I asked Mr. Cruz for his opinion regarding requiring opening charter school board meetings and the call for individual charters to respond to Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests. Mr. Cruz had a firm stance on each issue. “I’m comfortable with our policy that dictates schools have designated open board meetings,” the PCSB chair asserted. “I do recommend that when there are certain topics before the board, such as school budgets, the changes need to be discussed in public. Open meetings are a great opportunity for school leaders to experiment with how their families are engaged in important decisions.”
Mr. Cruz continued, “Regarding FOIA, after receiving input from school administrators, I really agree with them that these inquiries should be handed by PCSB. To be honest, I have yet to see data points, except for individual teacher salaries, that cannot be found in the information the charter board posts on its website, especially considering all of the documents available on the Transparency Hub. We certainly do not want to cripple schools due to them trying to comply with FOIA requests. Also, we have to be sure that concerns focused on individual students are kept confidential. The PCSB has the staff to redact sensitive information that individual schools do not possess.”
When the two of us got together it was the day after FOCUS and the DC Association of Chartered Pubic Schools announced that they were merging. I asked Mr. Cruz if he had a view on this change. “I do,” Mr. Cruz reflected. “As a sector over the last five years or more we have become complacent regarding adherence to the [D.C.] School Reform Act. There has definitely grown a void in the advocacy space. So the decision to bring these two groups together makes a lot of sense to me.”
I wanted to conclude our meeting by raising the topic of the student safety issues that took place at Monument Academy PCS and Rocketship Rise Academy PCS. My comment to Mr. Cruz revolved around whether the public should have known about these incidents earlier. The PCSB chair explained. “Regarding Monument there were a set of occurrences that ranged from minor to serious for a school that also includes a boarding component. There were many interactions between the school’s board and the PCSB several months before the media was involved. Unfortunately issues do arise, but this is not an excuse. In the case of both Monument and Rocketship the charter board staff followed its policies. In each instance we followed our Community Complaint policy. ”
As I talked to Mr. Cruz, I’m reminded of the truly significant role public charter schools now play in our community and the important work facing the next executive director.